Gelete Burka (Getty Images)
Gelete Burka (Getty Images)
  • COUNTRY Ethiopia Ethiopia
  • DATE OF BIRTH 23 JAN 1986


Focus on Athletes biographies are produced by the IAAF Communications Dept, and not by the IAAF Statistics and Documentation Division. If you have any enquiries concerning the information, please use the Contact IAAF page, selecting ‘Focus on Athletes Biographies’ in the drop down menu of contact area options.


Updated 26 March 2009

GELETE Burka, Ethiopia (1500m/3000m/5000m/cross country)
a.k.a. Gelete Burka Bati
Born: 15 February 1986, Kofele, Arsi, Ethiopia
Lives in Addis Ababa
Manager: Jos Hermens   Coach: Tolossa Kotu
Club:  Corrections Police

Gelete Burka (whose second name is sometimes misspelled ‘Burika’) played soccer before beginning running in school in her native Kofele. Beginning in late 2001, she blazed her way through a series of local and regional victories. She won the 3000m and 5000m in a Kofele schools competition and represented Kofele in the Arsi zone competition, where she again took two titles, this time over 1500m and 3000m.

Representing Arsi in the Oromia region competition, she won the 3000m, and won again representing Oromia in an inter-region competition in Dire Dawa in eastern Ethiopia. “I fell in love with running then,” said Gelete, whose first name means “praise” in her mother tongue of Oromifa.

Going into the 2002-2003 cross country season, she began training with the Arsi team coach and again proved unstoppable, winning the junior race to represent Arsi in the Oromia competition, and then to represent Oromia in Addis Ababa. In her first race at a top national level, she placed 4th to book passage to the World Cross Country Championships, in Lausanne.

Gelete first drew international attention with her bronze medal performance in Lausanne. She then virtually disappeared from the international circuit until mid-2004 when she won the 800m at the Ethiopian Championships, beating, among others, World Indoor 1500m champion Kutre Dulecha and 2004 World Cross Country junior bronze medallist Mestawot Tadesse. She missed qualifying for the 1500m at the Athens Olympics by just 0.2 seconds.

A few 2004 Grand Prix races sharpened her tactical skills for the 2004-2005 cross country season, in which she fared well, winning the Brussels Cross Country International, beating compatriots Meselech Melkamu and Merima Denboba. She then put on an impressive display of front-running to win the junior race at the Ethiopian World Cross Country trials. At the World Championships, in Saint-Etienne/Saint Galmier, France, facing down a strong Kenyan challenge without much support from her teammates, Gelete won by a 27-second margin to bring Ethiopia its third straight junior women’s title, following those of Tirunesh Dibaba (2003) and Meselech Melkamu (2004).

On the track back in Ethiopia, Gelete shook the senior ranks, beating Olympic 5000m champion Meseret Defar over 3000m at the Addis Ababa municipal championships, and a week later completing a spectacular triple gold medal performance at the nationals. She defended her 1500m title; charged past World indoor record-holder Tirunesh and 2003 World 10,000m silver medallist Werknesh Kidane in the bell lap of the 5000m, winning in 15:39.2 to better Gete Wami’s 15:44.63 stadium record; and then anchored her Corrections Police club’s 4x400 relay team to victory.

Less than a week later, Gelete ran an 8:39.90 national junior record for 3000m in Doha, finishing third behind Meseret and Berhane Adere. She later ran a personal best 14:51.47 for 5000m in Rome. In the 1500m at the World Championships, in Helsinki, Gelete was boxed in late in the Final and finished 8th in 4:04.77. In a fast 1500m in Rieti on 28 August, however, she ran a new personal best of 3:59.60, and in the World Athletics Final 3000, she placed 2nd. behind Meseret.

In the 2005-2006 cross country season Gelete beat Tirunesh and Kenya’s Isabella Ochichi in Edinburgh before comfortably winning the 4K at the National Cross Country Championships in Addis Ababa ahead of national 8K champion Meselech, in the absence of Tirunesh. At the World Cross Country Championships, in Fukuoka, Japan, the double defending World champion Tirunesh, having been ill a week prior, dropped out of the 4K, where Gelete overcame ferocious winds and a challenge from Kenya’s Priscah Jepleting to win her first senior title.

At Golden League 5000m races on the track, Gelete ran a 14:40.92 personal best for 5000m in Stockholm, and finished 3rd in Paris and Rome, before clocking an 8:25.92 personal best for 3000m in Stockholm. She was 6th at the World Athletics Final 3000m.

In the 2006-2007 cross country season, Gelete joined Kenenisa Bekele in a dominant Ethiopian sweep of the titles in Edinburgh (6.7K) and Sevilla (6.6K), beating Kenya’s Vivian Cheriuyot by nine seconds in Edinburgh, where Meselech was fourth. Gelete suffered an ankle injury during training and missed qualifying for the Ethiopian team for the World Cross Country Championships, but was included in the team upon her recovery based on her past year and cross country prowess. In the heat and humidity of Mombasa, Gelete placed just outside of the medals behind Lornah Kilpagat and Ethiopia’s Tirunesh and Meselech.

On the track in May, Gelete won the national championships 1500m, before running a then-personal best 14:38.18 for 5000m to win in Hengelo. She followed that up with a 1500m win in Eugene, Oregon, and gave World record holder Meseret Defar a run for her money in Ostrava over 5000m, where Gelete placed second in a new personal best 14:31.20 behind Defar’s 14:30.18 and ahead of Meselech. Gelete ran away with the gold in the All Africa Games 1500m in Algiers in July, and looked set to be part of a repeat Ethiopian sweep of the World Championships 5000m in Osaka.

In Osaka, the defending champion Tirunesh pulled out due to stomach pains, and Meseret, Meselech and Gelete sailed through the first round in spite of warm, muggy conditions, but with the Kenyan team led by Vivian Cheruiyot making for fierce opposition in a slow final, only Meseret medalled, while Meselech finished 6th and Gelete a disappointing 10th, after which she wrapped up her season.

Gelete won the Edinburgh cross country ahead of Kenyans Linet Masai and Cheruiyot in January 2008, but after she burst onto the indoor scene with an 8:31.94 win over 3000m in Birmingham on 16 February, she set her sights on the World Indoor Championships, in Valencia. But with the only two 2008 times faster than hers having been run by compatriots Meseret and Meselech, Gelete’s chance to make the Valencia team was in the 1500, in which she clocked a 4:04.37 2nd place in Stockholm on 21 February behind World outdoor champion Maryam Yusuf Jamal’s 4:04.30, which placed Gelete 6th on the 2008 world list.

In Valencia, running against Jamal and Russia’s Yelena Soboleva in the toughest of three heats, Gelete qualified automatically for the Final, despite some shoving, and showed she was a strong contender for a medal, when she then outsprinted her former countrywoman, the Ethiopian-born Jamal, in an African record 3:59.75 for the bronze.

At the 2008 Edinburgh World Cross Country Championships, Gelete had the advantage of having won the cross country meet on the same course there repeatedly, including that January, but she was reeled in by former champion Tirunesh and finished 6th.

Gelete suffered a worse fate at the track global championship of the year, the Beijing Olympics, where she failed to make the 1500 final, but she fared much better elsewhere, winning at the African Championships at home in Addis Ababa, where she led Meskerem Assefa to a silver, and at the Prefontaine Classic in Eugene in 4:00.44. She also won over 5000m in Hengelo (14:45.84) over Meselech as well as Linet Masai of Kenya, and over one mile in an African record 4:18.23 over World 1500m champion Maryam Yusuf Jamal in Rieti in September before taking 2nd at the World Athletics Final 1500m, again behind Jamal.

Gelete did not compete indoors in 2009, but looked ready to win the national cross country trials on 22 February when she was overtaken by first Meselech and then the eventual winner and African 10,000m bronze-medalist Wude Ayalew, and took 3rd  All three women will be vying to fill the absent Tirunesh’s shoes in Amman.

Personal Bests
1500m:   3:59.60 (2005)
3000m:   8:25.92 (2006)
5000m: 14:31.20 (2007)

Yearly Progression
1500m/3000m/5000m: 2003 – 4:10.82/8:48.93/16:23.8a; 2004 – 4:06.10/-/-; 2005 - 3:59.60/8:39.90/14:51.47; 2006 - 4:02.68/8:25.92/14:40.92; 2007 – 4:04.48/-/14:31.20; 2008 – 4:00.44/8:31.94i/14:45.84; 2009 – -/-/-.

Career Highlights
2003    3rd     World Cross Country Championships (junior)
2005    1st    World Cross Country Championships (junior)
2005    2nd    World Athletics Final (3000m)
2006    1st    World Cross Country Championships (4k)
2007    4th    World Cross Country Championships (8k)
2007    1st    All Africa Games (1500m)
2008    3rd    World Indoor Championships (1500m)
2008    6th    World Cross Country Championships
2008    1st    African Championships (1500m)

A note on Ethiopian names: Ethiopians are customarily referred to by first name or first and second name together, the second name being the father’s first name. (The grandfather’s first name is sometimes added as a third name, and is optional in much the same way that a Western middle name is frequently omitted.)

Prepared by Sabrina Yohannes and Elshadai Negash for the IAAF Focus on Athletes project. Copyright IAAF 2009.

Personal Best - Outdoor
Performance Wind Place Date
800 Metres 2:02.89 Hengelo 30 MAY 2010
1500 Metres 3:58.79 Hengelo 01 JUN 2009
One Mile 4:18.23 Rieti 07 SEP 2008
2000 Metres 5:30.19 Bruxelles 04 SEP 2009
3000 Metres 8:25.92 Stockholm 25 JUL 2006
5000 Metres 14:31.20 Ostrava 27 JUN 2007
10 Kilometres 32:01 New York City, NY 10 MAY 2014
15 Kilometres 49:26 Nijmegen 18 NOV 2012
20 Kilometres 1:07:26 Frankfurt 27 OCT 2013
Half Marathon 1:11:10 Frankfurt 27 OCT 2013
25 Kilometres 1:24:17 Frankfurt 27 OCT 2013
30 Kilometres 1:42:28 Frankfurt 27 OCT 2013
Marathon 2:26:03 Houston, TX 19 JAN 2014
Personal Best - Indoor
Performance Wind Place Date
1500 Metres 3:59.75 Valencia, ESP 09 MAR 2008
One Mile 4:23.53 Birmingham, GBR 20 FEB 2010
2000 Metres 5:36.95 Birmingham, GBR 16 FEB 2008
3000 Metres 8:31.94 Birmingham, GBR 16 FEB 2008
Progression - Outdoor showShow All Graphs
800 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2010 2:02.89 Hengelo 30 MAY
2004 2:08.03 Dessau 04 JUN
2003 2:07.05 Jambes 26 JUL
1500 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2013 4:04.36 Monaco 19 JUL
2011 4:03.28 Roma (Stadio Olimpico) 26 MAY
2010 3:59.28 Lausanne 08 JUL
2009 3:58.79 Hengelo 01 JUN
2008 4:00.44 Eugene, OR 08 JUN
2007 4:00.48 Eugene, OR 10 JUN
2006 4:02.68 Eugene, OR 28 MAY
2005 3:59.60 Rieti 28 AUG
2004 4:06.10 Hengelo 31 MAY
2003 4:10.8 Heusden-Zolder 02 AUG
One Mile Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2008 4:18.23 Rieti 07 SEP
2003 4:30.81 Heusden-Zolder 02 AUG
2000 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2009 5:30.19 Bruxelles 04 SEP
3000 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2012 8:45.09 Lausanne 23 AUG
2006 8:25.92 Stockholm 25 JUL
2005 8:39.90 Doha 13 MAY
2003 8:48.93 Paris Saint-Denis 04 JUL
5000 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2013 14:42.07 Paris Saint-Denis 06 JUL
2012 14:41.43 Roma (Stadio Olimpico) 31 MAY
2008 14:45.84 Hengelo 24 MAY
2007 14:31.20 Ostrava 27 JUN
2006 14:40.92 Oslo 02 JUN
2005 14:51.47 Roma (Stadio Olimpico) 08 JUL
10 Kilometres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2014 32:01 New York City, NY 10 MAY
2012 32:38 Nijmegen 18 NOV
15 Kilometres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2012 49:26 Nijmegen 18 NOV
20 Kilometres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2013 1:07:26 Frankfurt 27 OCT
Half Marathon Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2014 1:12:13 Houston, TX 19 JAN
2013 1:11:10 Frankfurt 27 OCT
25 Kilometres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2014 1:25:40 Houston, TX 19 JAN
2013 1:24:17 Frankfurt 27 OCT
30 Kilometres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2014 1:43:03 Houston, TX 19 JAN
2013 1:42:28 Frankfurt 27 OCT
Marathon Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2014 2:26:03 Houston, TX 19 JAN
2013 2:30:40 Frankfurt 27 OCT
Progression - Indoor showShow All Graphs
1500 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2012 4:16.58 Liévin 14 FEB
2010 4:03.44 Stuttgart 06 FEB
2008 3:59.75 Valencia, ESP 09 MAR
One Mile Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2010 4:23.53 Birmingham, GBR 20 FEB
2000 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2008 5:36.95 Birmingham, GBR 16 FEB
3000 Metres Show Graphshow
Performance Place Date
2012 8:36.59 Birmingham, GBR 18 FEB
2008 8:31.94 Birmingham, GBR 16 FEB
Honours - 1500 Metres
Rank Mark Wind Place Date
14th IAAF World Championships 10h1 4:11.26 Moskva (Luzhniki) 11 AUG 2013
13th IAAF World Championships in Athletics sf2 DNF Daegu 30 AUG 2011
IAAF/VTB Bank Continental Cup 2010 7 4:23.76 Split 05 SEP 2010
13th IAAF World Indoor Championships 3 4:08.39 Doha 14 MAR 2010
IAAF/VTB Bank World Athletics Final 6 4:14.51 Thessaloniki 12 SEP 2009
12th IAAF World Championships in Athletics 10 4:11.21 Berlin 23 AUG 2009
6th IAAF/VTB Bank World Athletics Final 2 4:07.45 Stuttgart 13 SEP 2008
The XXIX Olympic Games 6h2 4:15.77 Beijing (National Stadium) 21 AUG 2008
12th IAAF World Indoor Championships 1 3:59.75 Valencia, ESP 09 MAR 2008
10th IAAF World Championships in Athletics 8 4:04.77 Helsinki 14 AUG 2005
Honours - 3000 Metres
Rank Mark Wind Place Date
IAAF World Indoor Championships 2012 3 8:40.18 Istanbul (Ataköy Arena) 11 MAR 2012
4th IAAF World Athletics Final 6 8:41.22 Stuttgart 10 SEP 2006
3rd IAAF World Athletics Final 2 8:48.65 Monaco 10 SEP 2005
Honours - 5000 Metres
Rank Mark Wind Place Date
The XXX Olympic Games 5 15:10.66 London (OP) 10 AUG 2012
11th IAAF World Championships in Athletics 10 15:07.46 Osaka (Nagai Stadium) 01 SEP 2007
Honours - Senior Race
Rank Mark Wind Place Date
37th IAAF World Cross Country Championships 8 26:58 Amman 28 MAR 2009
36th IAAF World Cross Country Championships 6 25:35 Edinburgh (Holyrood Park) 30 MAR 2008
35th IAAF World Cross Country Championships 4 26:55 Mombasa 24 MAR 2007
Honours - Junior Race
Rank Mark Wind Place Date
33rd IAAF World Cross Country Championships 1 20:12 Saint - Galmier 19 MAR 2005
31st IAAF World Cross Country Championships 3 20:28 Lausanne 29 MAR 2003
Honours - Short Race
Rank Mark Wind Place Date
34th IAAF World Cross Country Championships 1 12:51 Fukuoka 02 APR 2006


Focus on Athletes biographies are produced by the IAAF Communications Dept, and not by the IAAF Statistics and Documentation Division. If you have any enquiries concerning the information, please use the Contact IAAF page, selecting ‘Focus on Athletes Biographies’ in the drop down menu of contact area options.


Updated 26 March 2009

GELETE Burka, Ethiopia (1500m/3000m/5000m/cross country)
a.k.a. Gelete Burka Bati
Born: 15 February 1986, Kofele, Arsi, Ethiopia
Lives in Addis Ababa
Manager: Jos Hermens   Coach: Tolossa Kotu
Club:  Corrections Police

Gelete Burka (whose second name is sometimes misspelled ‘Burika’) played soccer before beginning running in school in her native Kofele. Beginning in late 2001, she blazed her way through a series of local and regional victories. She won the 3000m and 5000m in a Kofele schools competition and represented Kofele in the Arsi zone competition, where she again took two titles, this time over 1500m and 3000m.

Representing Arsi in the Oromia region competition, she won the 3000m, and won again representing Oromia in an inter-region competition in Dire Dawa in eastern Ethiopia. “I fell in love with running then,” said Gelete, whose first name means “praise” in her mother tongue of Oromifa.

Going into the 2002-2003 cross country season, she began training with the Arsi team coach and again proved unstoppable, winning the junior race to represent Arsi in the Oromia competition, and then to represent Oromia in Addis Ababa. In her first race at a top national level, she placed 4th to book passage to the World Cross Country Championships, in Lausanne.

Gelete first drew international attention with her bronze medal performance in Lausanne. She then virtually disappeared from the international circuit until mid-2004 when she won the 800m at the Ethiopian Championships, beating, among others, World Indoor 1500m champion Kutre Dulecha and 2004 World Cross Country junior bronze medallist Mestawot Tadesse. She missed qualifying for the 1500m at the Athens Olympics by just 0.2 seconds.

A few 2004 Grand Prix races sharpened her tactical skills for the 2004-2005 cross country season, in which she fared well, winning the Brussels Cross Country International, beating compatriots Meselech Melkamu and Merima Denboba. She then put on an impressive display of front-running to win the junior race at the Ethiopian World Cross Country trials. At the World Championships, in Saint-Etienne/Saint Galmier, France, facing down a strong Kenyan challenge without much support from her teammates, Gelete won by a 27-second margin to bring Ethiopia its third straight junior women’s title, following those of Tirunesh Dibaba (2003) and Meselech Melkamu (2004).

On the track back in Ethiopia, Gelete shook the senior ranks, beating Olympic 5000m champion Meseret Defar over 3000m at the Addis Ababa municipal championships, and a week later completing a spectacular triple gold medal performance at the nationals. She defended her 1500m title; charged past World indoor record-holder Tirunesh and 2003 World 10,000m silver medallist Werknesh Kidane in the bell lap of the 5000m, winning in 15:39.2 to better Gete Wami’s 15:44.63 stadium record; and then anchored her Corrections Police club’s 4x400 relay team to victory.

Less than a week later, Gelete ran an 8:39.90 national junior record for 3000m in Doha, finishing third behind Meseret and Berhane Adere. She later ran a personal best 14:51.47 for 5000m in Rome. In the 1500m at the World Championships, in Helsinki, Gelete was boxed in late in the Final and finished 8th in 4:04.77. In a fast 1500m in Rieti on 28 August, however, she ran a new personal best of 3:59.60, and in the World Athletics Final 3000, she placed 2nd. behind Meseret.

In the 2005-2006 cross country season Gelete beat Tirunesh and Kenya’s Isabella Ochichi in Edinburgh before comfortably winning the 4K at the National Cross Country Championships in Addis Ababa ahead of national 8K champion Meselech, in the absence of Tirunesh. At the World Cross Country Championships, in Fukuoka, Japan, the double defending World champion Tirunesh, having been ill a week prior, dropped out of the 4K, where Gelete overcame ferocious winds and a challenge from Kenya’s Priscah Jepleting to win her first senior title.

At Golden League 5000m races on the track, Gelete ran a 14:40.92 personal best for 5000m in Stockholm, and finished 3rd in Paris and Rome, before clocking an 8:25.92 personal best for 3000m in Stockholm. She was 6th at the World Athletics Final 3000m.

In the 2006-2007 cross country season, Gelete joined Kenenisa Bekele in a dominant Ethiopian sweep of the titles in Edinburgh (6.7K) and Sevilla (6.6K), beating Kenya’s Vivian Cheriuyot by nine seconds in Edinburgh, where Meselech was fourth. Gelete suffered an ankle injury during training and missed qualifying for the Ethiopian team for the World Cross Country Championships, but was included in the team upon her recovery based on her past year and cross country prowess. In the heat and humidity of Mombasa, Gelete placed just outside of the medals behind Lornah Kilpagat and Ethiopia’s Tirunesh and Meselech.

On the track in May, Gelete won the national championships 1500m, before running a then-personal best 14:38.18 for 5000m to win in Hengelo. She followed that up with a 1500m win in Eugene, Oregon, and gave World record holder Meseret Defar a run for her money in Ostrava over 5000m, where Gelete placed second in a new personal best 14:31.20 behind Defar’s 14:30.18 and ahead of Meselech. Gelete ran away with the gold in the All Africa Games 1500m in Algiers in July, and looked set to be part of a repeat Ethiopian sweep of the World Championships 5000m in Osaka.

In Osaka, the defending champion Tirunesh pulled out due to stomach pains, and Meseret, Meselech and Gelete sailed through the first round in spite of warm, muggy conditions, but with the Kenyan team led by Vivian Cheruiyot making for fierce opposition in a slow final, only Meseret medalled, while Meselech finished 6th and Gelete a disappointing 10th, after which she wrapped up her season.

Gelete won the Edinburgh cross country ahead of Kenyans Linet Masai and Cheruiyot in January 2008, but after she burst onto the indoor scene with an 8:31.94 win over 3000m in Birmingham on 16 February, she set her sights on the World Indoor Championships, in Valencia. But with the only two 2008 times faster than hers having been run by compatriots Meseret and Meselech, Gelete’s chance to make the Valencia team was in the 1500, in which she clocked a 4:04.37 2nd place in Stockholm on 21 February behind World outdoor champion Maryam Yusuf Jamal’s 4:04.30, which placed Gelete 6th on the 2008 world list.

In Valencia, running against Jamal and Russia’s Yelena Soboleva in the toughest of three heats, Gelete qualified automatically for the Final, despite some shoving, and showed she was a strong contender for a medal, when she then outsprinted her former countrywoman, the Ethiopian-born Jamal, in an African record 3:59.75 for the bronze.

At the 2008 Edinburgh World Cross Country Championships, Gelete had the advantage of having won the cross country meet on the same course there repeatedly, including that January, but she was reeled in by former champion Tirunesh and finished 6th.

Gelete suffered a worse fate at the track global championship of the year, the Beijing Olympics, where she failed to make the 1500 final, but she fared much better elsewhere, winning at the African Championships at home in Addis Ababa, where she led Meskerem Assefa to a silver, and at the Prefontaine Classic in Eugene in 4:00.44. She also won over 5000m in Hengelo (14:45.84) over Meselech as well as Linet Masai of Kenya, and over one mile in an African record 4:18.23 over World 1500m champion Maryam Yusuf Jamal in Rieti in September before taking 2nd at the World Athletics Final 1500m, again behind Jamal.

Gelete did not compete indoors in 2009, but looked ready to win the national cross country trials on 22 February when she was overtaken by first Meselech and then the eventual winner and African 10,000m bronze-medalist Wude Ayalew, and took 3rd  All three women will be vying to fill the absent Tirunesh’s shoes in Amman.

Personal Bests
1500m:   3:59.60 (2005)
3000m:   8:25.92 (2006)
5000m: 14:31.20 (2007)

Yearly Progression
1500m/3000m/5000m: 2003 – 4:10.82/8:48.93/16:23.8a; 2004 – 4:06.10/-/-; 2005 - 3:59.60/8:39.90/14:51.47; 2006 - 4:02.68/8:25.92/14:40.92; 2007 – 4:04.48/-/14:31.20; 2008 – 4:00.44/8:31.94i/14:45.84; 2009 – -/-/-.

Career Highlights
2003    3rd     World Cross Country Championships (junior)
2005    1st    World Cross Country Championships (junior)
2005    2nd    World Athletics Final (3000m)
2006    1st    World Cross Country Championships (4k)
2007    4th    World Cross Country Championships (8k)
2007    1st    All Africa Games (1500m)
2008    3rd    World Indoor Championships (1500m)
2008    6th    World Cross Country Championships
2008    1st    African Championships (1500m)

A note on Ethiopian names: Ethiopians are customarily referred to by first name or first and second name together, the second name being the father’s first name. (The grandfather’s first name is sometimes added as a third name, and is optional in much the same way that a Western middle name is frequently omitted.)

Prepared by Sabrina Yohannes and Elshadai Negash for the IAAF Focus on Athletes project. Copyright IAAF 2009.