Christopher BROWN

Athlete Profile

  • COUNTRY
    Bahamas Bahamas
  • DATE OF BIRTH
    15 OCT 1978
    ATHLETE'S IAAF CODE
    171732
Bahamian 400m sprinter Chris Brown (Getty images)

Outdoor

Discipline Performance Wind Place Date Records
100 Metres 10.26 +1.3 Manchester (GBR) 17 MAY 2014
200 Metres 20.58 0.0 Nassau (BAH) 27 JUN 2015
200 Metres 20.56 * +2.3 Nassau (BAH) 17 JUN 2006
300 Metres 31.99 Birmingham (GBR) 07 JUN 2015
400 Metres 44.40 Oslo (NOR) 06 JUN 2008
800 Metres 1:49.54 Maracaibo (VEN) 17 AUG 1998
Long Jump 6.89 * +3.9 Norwalk, CA (USA) 07 JUN 2003
4x100 Metres Relay 40.05 Guadalajara (MEX) 27 OCT 2011
4x400 Metres Relay 2:56.72 London (GBR) 10 AUG 2012

Legend

* Not legal.

Indoor

Discipline Performance Wind Place Date Records
55 Metres 6.53 Bozeman, MT (USA) 28 FEB 2004
200 Metres 22.02 Newark, DE (USA) 04 FEB 2001
400 Metres 45.58 Sopot (POL) 08 MAR 2014
500 Metres 1:03.67 Fairfax, VA (USA) 11 JAN 2003
800 Metres 1:52.30 Indianapolis, IN (USA) 07 FEB 1999
4x400 Metres Relay 3:04.75 Portland, OR (USA) 20 MAR 2016

Legend

* Not legal.

Latest Active Season: 2017

Outdoor

Discipline Performance Wind Place Date Records
200 Metres 21.64 -0.1 Freeport (BAH) 22 JUL 2017
400 Metres 47.01 Nassau (BAH) 24 JUN 2017

Outdoor

100 Metres

Performance Wind Place Date
2014 10.26 +1.3 Manchester (GBR) 17 MAY 2014

Outdoor

200 Metres

Performance Wind Place Date
2017 21.64 -0.1 Freeport (BAH) 22 JUL 2017
2016 20.92 +0.3 Atlanta, GA (USA) 04 JUN 2016
2015 20.58 0.0 Nassau (BAH) 27 JUN 2015
2002 21.05 +0.7 Nassau (BAH) 22 JUN 2002
2000 21.27 0.0 Chapel Hill, NC (USA) 13 MAY 2000

Outdoor

300 Metres

Performance Place Date
2015 31.99 Birmingham (GBR) 07 JUN 2015

Outdoor

400 Metres

Performance Place Date
2017 47.01 Nassau (BAH) 24 JUN 2017
2016 45.56 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 12 AUG 2016
2015 44.54 Eugene, OR (USA) 30 MAY 2015
2014 44.59 Lausanne (SUI) 03 JUL 2014
2013 45.18 Moskva (RUS) 12 AUG 2013
2012 44.67 London (GBR) 05 AUG 2012
2011 44.79 Stockholm (SWE) 29 JUL 2011
2010 45.05 Monaco (MON) 22 JUL 2010
2009 44.81 Roma (ITA) 10 JUL 2009
2008 44.40 Oslo (NOR) 06 JUN 2008
2007 44.45 Osaka (JPN) 31 AUG 2007
2006 44.80 Oslo (NOR) 02 JUN 2006
2005 44.48 Helsinki (FIN) 12 AUG 2005
2004 45.09 Athina (GRE) 20 AUG 2004
2003 44.94 Roodeport (RSA) 28 MAR 2003
2002 45.11 Manchester (GBR) 27 JUL 2002
2001 45.45 Durham (USA) 07 APR 2001
2000 45.08 Durham (USA) 03 JUN 2000
1999 45.96 Nassau (BAH) 19 JUN 1999
1998 46.44 Nassau (BAH) 11 JUL 1998
1997 47.22 Bridgetown (BAR) 04 APR 1997

Outdoor

800 Metres

Performance Place Date
1999 1:51.91 Winnipeg (CAN) 24 JUL 1999
1998 1:49.54 Maracaibo (VEN) 17 AUG 1998

Outdoor

4x100 Metres Relay

Performance Place Date
2011 40.05 Guadalajara (MEX) 27 OCT 2011

Outdoor

4x400 Metres Relay

Performance Place Date
2016 2:58.49 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 20 AUG 2016
2015 2:58.91 Nassau (BAH) 03 MAY 2015
2014 2:57.59 Nassau (BAH) 25 MAY 2014
2013 3:02.23 Philadelphia, PA (USA) 27 APR 2013
2012 2:56.72 London (GBR) 10 AUG 2012
2011 3:09.68 Guadalajara (MEX) 27 OCT 2011
2010 3:02.55 Philadelphia, PA (USA) 24 APR 2010
2009 3:00.29 Philadelphia, PA (USA) 25 APR 2009
2008 2:58.03 Beijing (CHN) 23 AUG 2008
2007 2:59.18 Osaka (JPN) 02 SEP 2007
2006 3:00.14 Athina (GRE) 17 SEP 2006
2005 2:57.32 Helsinki (FIN) 14 AUG 2005
2004 3:01.74 Athina (GRE) 27 AUG 2004
2003 3:00.53 Paris (FRA) 31 AUG 2003
2002 3:01.35 Manchester (GBR) 31 JUL 2002
2001 2:58.19 Edmonton (CAN) 12 AUG 2001
2000 2:59.02 Sydney (AUS) 29 SEP 2000
1999 3:00.73 Winnipeg (CAN) 28 JUL 1999

Indoor

55 Metres

Performance Place Date
2003/04 6.53 Bozeman, MT (USA) 28 FEB 2004
2002/03 6.60 Reno, NV (USA) 22 FEB 2003
2000/01 6.60 Bozeman, MT (USA) 24 FEB 2001

Indoor

200 Metres

Performance Place Date
2000/01 22.02 Newark, DE (USA) 04 FEB 2001

Indoor

400 Metres

Performance Place Date
2015/16 46.80 Glasgow (GBR) 20 FEB 2016
2013/14 45.58 Sopot (POL) 08 MAR 2014
2012/13 47.33 Glasgow (GBR) 26 JAN 2013
2011/12 45.90 Istanbul (TUR) 10 MAR 2012
2009/10 45.96 Doha (QAT) 13 MAR 2010
2007/08 46.26 Valencia (ESP) 09 MAR 2008
2005/06 45.78 Moskva (RUS) 12 MAR 2006
2003/04 46.48 Birmingham (GBR) 20 FEB 2004
2002/03 46.66 Fayetteville, AR (USA) 15 FEB 2003
2000/01 47.19 Blacksburg, VA (USA) 10 FEB 2001

Indoor

500 Metres

Performance Place Date
2002/03 1:03.67 Fairfax, VA (USA) 11 JAN 2003

Indoor

800 Metres

Performance Place Date
1998/99 1:52.30 Indianapolis, IN (USA) 07 FEB 1999

Indoor

4x400 Metres Relay

Performance Place Date
2015/16 3:04.75 Portland, OR (USA) 20 MAR 2016
2003/04 3:08.76 Budapest (HUN) 07 MAR 2004

Honours - Olympic Games

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:56.72 London (GBR) 10 AUG 2012
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:58.03 Beijing (CHN) 23 AUG 2008
3. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:58.49 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 20 AUG 2016
3. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:59.23 Sydney (AUS) 30 SEP 2000
4. 400 Metres 44.79 London (GBR) 06 AUG 2012
4. 400 Metres 44.84 Beijing (CHN) 21 AUG 2008
6. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:01.88 Athina (GRE) 28 AUG 2004

Honours - World Championships

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:58.19 Edmonton (CAN) 12 AUG 2001
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:59.18 Osaka (JPN) 02 SEP 2007
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:57.32 Helsinki (FIN) 14 AUG 2005
3. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:00.53 Paris (FRA) 31 AUG 2003
4. 400 Metres 44.45 Osaka (JPN) 31 AUG 2007
4. 400 Metres 44.48 Helsinki (FIN) 12 AUG 2005
5. 400 Metres 45.47 Berlin (GER) 21 AUG 2009
6. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:02.74 Sevilla (ESP) 29 AUG 1999

Honours - World Indoor Championships

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 400 Metres 45.96 Doha (QAT) 13 MAR 2010
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:04.75 Portland, OR (USA) 20 MAR 2016
2. 400 Metres 45.58 Sopot (POL) 08 MAR 2014
3. 400 Metres 45.90 Istanbul (TUR) 10 MAR 2012
3. 400 Metres 46.26 Valencia (ESP) 09 MAR 2008
3. 400 Metres 45.78 Moskva (RUS) 12 MAR 2006
5. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:17.57 Budapest (HUN) 07 MAR 2004

Honours - IAAF World Relays

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:58.91 Nassau (BAH) 03 MAY 2015
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 2:57.59 Nassau (BAH) 25 MAY 2014

Honours - World (Continental) Cup

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:00.14 Athina (GRE) 17 SEP 2006
3. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:02.78 Marrakesh (MAR) 14 SEP 2014

Honours - Pan American Games

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:01.94 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 28 JUL 2007
1. 400 Metres 44.85 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 25 JUL 2007
7. 400 Metres 45.89 Guadalajara (MEX) 26 OCT 2011

Honours - Diamond League

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 400 Metres 44.94 Paris (FRA) 08 JUL 2011
1. 400 Metres 45.16 Roma (ITA) 26 MAY 2011

Honours - World Athletics Final

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
2. 400 Metres 45.49 Thessaloniki (GRE) 12 SEP 2009
3. 400 Metres 45.36 Stuttgart (GER) 13 SEP 2008
3. 400 Metres 44.68 Monaco (MON) 09 SEP 2005

Honours - Golden League

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 400 Metres 44.81 Roma (ITA) 10 JUL 2009
1. 400 Metres 45.61 Berlin (GER) 14 JUN 2009

Honours - Commonwealth Games

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
2. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:00.51 Glasgow (GBR) 02 AUG 2014
3. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:01.35 Manchester (GBR) 31 JUL 2002
4. 400 Metres 45.19 Melbourne (AUS) 22 MAR 2006
7. 400 Metres 45.67 Manchester (GBR) 28 JUL 2002

Honours - CAC Championships

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 4x400 Metres Relay 3:01.08 Nassau (BAH) 11 JUL 2005
2. 400 Metres 45.42 St. George's (GRN) 05 JUL 2003
3. 400 Metres 45.57 Nassau (BAH) 10 JUL 2005

Honours - National Championships

Place Discipline Mark Wind Place Date
1. 400 Metres 45.21 Nassau (BAH) 27 JUN 2009
1. 400 Metres 45.43 Nassau (BAH) 28 JUN 2008
1. 400 Metres 44.88 Nassau (BAH) 23 JUN 2007
1. 200 Metres 20.56 +2.3 Nassau (BAH) 17 JUN 2006
1. 400 Metres 45.69 Nassau (BAH) 19 JUN 2004
1. 400 Metres 46.34 Nassau (BAH) 21 JUN 2002
Results in:

200 Metres

Date Competition Cnt. Cat Race Pl. Result Wind
27 MAY 2017 Clermont Flo Golden South Classic USAUSA F F6 2. 22.87 -0.2
22 JUL 2017 Freeport Blue Marlin Classic BAHBAH E F2 5. 21.64 -0.1

400 Metres

Date Competition Cnt. Cat Race Pl. Result
23 JUN 2017 Nassau Bahamas Ch. BAHBAH B H4 1. 47.24
24 JUN 2017 Nassau Bahamas Ch. BAHBAH B F 6. 47.01

Focus on Athletes biographies are produced by the IAAF Communications Dept, and not by the IAAF Statistics and Documentation Division. If you have any enquiries concerning the information, please use the Contact IAAF page, selecting ‘Focus on Athletes Biographies’ in the drop down menu of contact area options.

Updated 6 March 2014

Chris BROWN, Bahamas (400m, 4x400m)

Born 15 October 1978, Eleuthera, Bahamas

1.78m / 68kg 

Coach: Innocent Egbunike

Manager: Oliver Topueth

In the two decades since Chris 'Fireman' Brown left the small settlement of Wemyss Bight, Eleuthera, and switched from running the 800 metres to the 400, he has more than surpassed his own expectations. When one talks about track and field in the Bahamas, no conversation is complete without mentioning Brown, affectionately called Fireman because of the level of energy and enthusiasm that he brings every time he lines up to compete.

He hails from a family renowned for their exploits in one of the most popular sports in the country, despite the fact that the island was not equipped with a proper track and field facility for him to train or compete in. His mother, Nola Brown, was an accomplished sprinter, having set the pace as a "barefoot" competitor, and always had the edge on her husband, Harcourt, when they participated in competitions on the road during their teenage days.

When Chris showed great promise, despite having to play second fiddle to an older brother, Joseph (the first to gain national prominence by traveling on various national teams as a long and triple jumper), his parents made the decision to send their son to Nassau in 1997. There, he enrolled at the RM Bailey Secondary High.

Under the supervision of coach Rupert Gardiner, who incidentally is the head coach of the 2014 World Indoor Championship team, Brown was able to develop his talent and that same year went on to represent the Bahamas in his first international competition as a member of the Bahamas junior team to the Carifta Games, the top regional meet in the Caribbean.

The trip to Bridgetown, Barbados that same year turned out to the genesis of Brown's career as he was able to secure a pair of bronze medals in the under-20 boys 400 and 800 metres.

"When he came to Nassau, I knew that we had a diamond in the rough," Gardiner pointed out. "We were able to polish him off and he turned out to be one of, if not the, greatest track and field athletes to come from Eleuthera."

Also that year, Brown posted an under-20 boys record of 48.02 in the 400m at the Bahamas Association of Athletic Association's National High School Championships that is still standing today. His performances led to the acquisition of an athletic scholarship to Norfolk State in Virginia where Brown had a formidable journey, re-writing records in both events and winning indoor and outdoor titles.

“When I started, I just got into it for fun,” Chris Brown says. “I saw my siblings’ success, and it was a big help and a big encouragement to take it to the next level. They motivated me and vice versa.” By the time he was through with high school, Brown was also through with softball and basketball. The track had become his home. His chosen event was the 800m. His 1:49.54, recorded at the Central American and Caribbean Games in Maracaibo in 1998 when he was 20, established a national record.

It was a huge improvement over the 1:53 he had run two years earlier in a vain attempt to make the Bahamian team for the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. Hugely disappointed, he was ready to quit. “I wasn’t fast enough,” he says, “and I wanted to just hang it up.” Then came the intervention of Michael Coakley, whom Brown described as “coach, motivator, everything.” Coakley saw the 17-year-old at a meet, just watching, and asked why he wasn’t running. “I had no motivation for the sport,” said Brown. “But he said I had more in me, and he got me back.”

Although back on the track, Chris was not back in the 800m for long. “I looked at the 400 and thought that was something I could be good at,” he says. “I had doubled up a little before, but I wanted to make my job a little easier, just go one lap, so I tried it one day and won. So I decided to take it up and step it up.” As he improved, Brown set for himself two major goals in athletics. One was to climb the podium at a World Championships or Olympics in an individual event, and the other was to help the Bahamas bring home a gold medal in the 4x400m at a global meet.

In 2009, Brown was inducted into Norfolk State University's Hall of Fame, following in the footsteps of another Spartans alumni, sprinter Chandra Sturrup, who set the stage when she was enshrined in 2003. "That was probably one of the greatest recognition that I received off the track since I started competing," said Brown at the time of the ceremony. "I never expected to end up in this position. I just went out to do what I love doing, running track."

By then, Brown had compiled an impressive résumé as he narrowed his participation down to just the shorter 400m. As he made his transition from college to professional ranks, Brown went on to win an individual medal and teamed up in the 4 x 400m relays at the Central American and Caribbean Championships, the Pan American Games, the IAAF World Indoors, the World Championships and the Olympic Games.

While Brown holds four individual medals from the World Indoors, he's still seeking his first medal at the World Championships and Olympics - where he's experienced his notorious fourth place finishes.

The journeyman's performances include fourth place finishes at the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki, Finland, the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, Australia, the 2007 World Championships in Osaka, Japan and the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, China.

While it's hard to erase the memories of those misfortunes, Brown didn't let them hold him back. He snapped the losing streak by getting on the podium at the World Indoors in 2006 in Moscow, Russia with the bronze, accomplishing the same feat in 2008 in Valencia, Spain and in 2012 in Istanbul, Turkey.

Back on the outdoor circuit, Brown struggled to get back on the podium in the 400m at both the World Championships and the Olympics. Yet still he pressed on, running some respectable times, albeit, not as fast as his Bahamas national record of 44.40 in 2008 in Oslo, Norway He also still holds the 800m national record at 1:49.54 that he set in Maracaibo in 1998.

As he saw the door slowly closing on him in the 400 outdoors, Brown also had the backdrop of competing on the 4 x 400m relay team, which helped to keep his name fresh on the lips of track fans. Every year that the Bahamas assembled a relay team from 1999 (with the exception of Edmonton 2001), Brown has been the focal point, running the anchor leg. That was until he relinquished his national title to rising star Demetrius Pinder in Nassau in 2010.

In the best interests of the team, Brown was coaxed into running pop off at the 2012 Olympic Games in London, England and, after getting his portion of the job done, Pinder, Michael Mathieu and Ramon Miller went on to pull off the upset of the decade, beating the United States for the gold.

"This one was for the team," Brown said after the victory. "I was prepared to do whatever it took to win a medal. I went out and gave it my all and then I left it up to my team-mates to finish it off. They did a good job. We are the Olympic champions."

There were frantic celebrations for the team when they returned home. They were greeted to a junkanoo rush-out (the Bahamian rhythmic culture of goat skin drums, horns, whistles and decorative costumes) at the Lynden Pindling International Airport before they were paraded through the streets of Nassau in a motorcade.

The celebrations didn't stop there, as they went on a whirlwind tour to some of the islands in Bahamas' archipelago, including Brown's birthplace of Eleuthera.

What's interesting to note is that Brown was recognised along with some of his team-mates by the Bahamas Government by having his portrait displayed on the "wall of fame" at the Lynden Pindling International Airport. He also has a portrait at the Rock Sound Airport in Eleuthera and the street that his parents still live on was named after him on August 22, 2012. That's not all - the local park, used for so many community activities, also has his name inscribed on a big billboard.

Brown spends the majority of his time in Atlanta, Georgia where he resides with his wife, Faith, whom he wed in October, 2008. They are the proud parents of two girls, Emerald & Zorah. However, whenever the opportunity presents itself, Brown makes a trip home to the island where he could easily be mistaken for a politician because of the "love and admiration" that the people have for him.

Last year, Brown decided to come back home and do something a little different. He staged his first Chris Brown Invitational, drawing a large field of international stars, including Jamaican Veronica Campbell-Brown and Americans LaShawn Merritt and Justin Gatlin.

"I wanted to make a contribution to the sport other than competing," Brown said at the time. "People only get to see a lot of these athletes we compete against on television. I wanted to bring the athletes, many of whom are my friends, to come here to compete."

Brown was impressed with the level of competition, but he admitted that he was a little disappointed in that the stadium wasn't quite filled. Maybe, it was because of the fact that Brown opted not to compete. Instead, he served as the meet promoter.

The second version of the annual meet was scheduled for April 11. But it had to be cancelled because the track at the TAR Stadium was under renovation for the inaugural IAAF World Relays on May 24-25.

The decision may have been a blessing in disguise for Brown. He reunited with the Golden Knights for a second place finish in the men's 4 x 400m relay in January at the international match in Glasgow.

"I don't regret it. How could you when you are the Olympic champions?" Brown questioned. He turned right around and answered saying: "Whenever you beat the Americans, you have to feel proud of your accomplishments."

A bronze medallist at the last World Indoors in Istanbul, Brown is now hoping to add another medal to his collection in Sopot, Poland before the first IAAF World Relay title to his collection as well.

Whether it's gold, silver or bronze in the 400m or as a member of the 4 x 400m relay team, he can be satisfied of the achievements he's made since packing his bags for Nassau two decades ago.

Personal Bests

200m: 21.0 5 (2002)

400m: 44.40 NR (2008)

800m: 1:49.54 NR (1998)

Indoors

400: 45.78 (2006)


Yearly Progression

1999: 45.96; 2000: 45.08; 2001: 45.20; 2002: 45.11; 2003: 44.94; 2004: 45.09; 2005: 44.48; 2006: 44.80; 2007: 44.45 NR; 2008: 44.40 NR; 2009: 44.81; 2010: 45.05; 2011: 44.79; 2012: 44.67; 2013: 45.18

Indoors

2001: 47.19; 2002: - ; 2003: 46.66; 2004: 46.48; 2005: - ; 2006: 45.78 NR; 2007: - ; 2008: 46.26; 2009: - ; 2010: 45.96; 2011: -; 2012: 45.902013: 47.33; 2014:

 

Career Highlights (400m unless specified)

1997

3rd

CARIFTA Games U20 (Barbados)

1997

3rd

CARIFTA Games U20 (Barbados)

(800m)

1998

SF

CAC Games (Maracaibo)

(800m)

1998

H

Commonwealth Games (Kuala Lumpur)

(800m)

1999

H

Pan Am Games (Winnipeg)

(800m)

1999

6th

World Championships (Sevilla)

(4x400m)

2000

QF

Olympic Games (Sydney)

2000

3rd

Olympic Games (Sydney)

(4x400m)

2001

 H

World Championships (Edmonton)

2001

1st

World Championships (Edmonton)

(4x400m)

2002

SF

Commonwealth Games (Manchester)

2003

SF

World Indoor Championships (Birmingham)

2003

2nd

CAC Championships (St Georges, GRN)

2003

SF

World Championships (Paris)

2003

3rd

World Championships Paris)

(4x400m)

2004

SF

World Indoor Championships (Budapest)

2004

5th

World Indoor Championships (Budapest)

(4x400m)

2004

SF

Olympic Games (Athens)

2004

SF

Olympic Games (Athens)

2004

6th

Olympic Games (Athens)

(4x400m)

2005

3rd

CAC Championships (Nassau)

2005

1st

CAC Championships (Nassau)

(4x400m)

2005

4th

World Championships (Helsinki)

2005

2nd

World Championships (Helsinki)

(4x400m)

2005

3rd

World Athletics Final (Monaco)

2006

3rd

World Indoor Championships (Moscow)

2006

4th

Commonwealth Games (Melbourne)

2006

2nd

World Cup (Athens)

(4x400m)

2007

1st

Pan American Games (Rio de Janeiro)

2007

1st

Pan American Games (Rio de Janeiro)

(4x400m)

2007

4th

World Championships (Osaka)

2007

2nd

World Championships (Osaka)

(4x400m)

2008

3rd

World Indoor Championships (Valencia)

2008

4th

Olympic Games (Beijing)

2008

2nd

Olympic Games (Beijing)

(4x400m)

2008

3rd

World Athletics Final (Stuttgart)

2009

5th

World Championships (Berlin)

2009

2nd

World Athletics Final (Thessaloniki)

2010

1st 

World Indoor Championships (Doha)

2011

SF

World Championships (Daegu)

2011

7th 

Pan American Games (Guadalajara)

2011

Pan American Games (Guadalajara)

(4x100m)

2011

Pan American Games (Guadalajara)

(4x400m)

2012

3rd 

World Indoor Championships (Istanbul)

2012

4th

Olympic Games (London)

2012

1st 

Olympic Games (London)

(4x400m)

2013

SF

World Championships (Moscow)

 

Prepared by Brent Stubbs and David Powell for the IAAF “Focus on Athletes” project. Copyright IAAF 2008-2014.