2. TRACK & FIELD EVENTS
2.1. RANKING METHOD
The ranking system is based on the two main elements of all Track & Field performances: the measured results of athletes (result score) and their placing during competitions (placing score).
The combination of these elements provides the athletes’ performance for each competition in which they participate (performance score).
PERFORMANCE SCORE = RESULT SCORE + PLACING SCORE
Athletes’ performances can be considered in all competitions from grass roots to elite international level. However, the results must be in accordance with the IAAF Rules and Regulations in force, and the IAAF or one of its Area Associations or Member Federations must have officially ratified the results.
2.2. RESULT SCORE
- The Result Scores are calculated using the latest editions of the IAAF Scoring Tables of Athletics (by Dr. Bojidar Spiriev) which can be found here.
- The environment of the competition will determine whether the outdoor or indoor scoring tables must be used.
- For disciplines not included in the latest editions of the IAAF Scoring Tables of Athletics, there are special Scoring Tables developed in full conformity with the IAAF versions.
- The World Rankings consider only performances which were achieved at a competition conducted according to the IAAF Rules.
- Performances achieved with underage implements (in hurdles and throwing events), are not considered for the Rankings.
- Intermediate splits during a competition are not considered as a result for the athlete and thus are not included in the World Rankings.
- The initial Result Score may be altered taking into consideration the following factors:
- Wind reading
- Best Legal Jump (BLJ)
2.2.1. Wind Reading
- In order to establish a valid ranking, wind-aided results are included in the ranking. However, as adverse winds also influence the results, the Rankings also take headwinds into account.
- The wind modification applies in the following events:
- 100m Hurdles
- Long Jump
- Triple Jump
- A Wind Modification System has been defined (see Table 2.1) which modifies the Result Scores depending on both the strength and direction of the wind. In case of a headwind, it adds points to the Result Score while, in case of a tail wind, it deducts points from the Result Score. There is no wind modification between 0 m/s and +2.0 m/s, so in case of a tail wind, the deduction of points starts from +2.1 m/s, while the calculation of the points to be deducted still starts from 0.0 m/s. 1 m/s wind is equivalent to 6 points according to the IAAF Scoring Tables. For wind readings in between those identified in the following table, the allocation of points is ±0.6 points for every ±0.1 m/s (i.e. +0.5 m/s = -3 points). If there is no wind information for results in the above events (NWI), 30 points are deducted from the Result Score.
Table 2.1. Wind modification system for Track & Field Events (some examples)
|Tail Wind||Head Wind|
|+4 m/s||-24 pts||-4 m/s||+24 pts|
|+3 m/s||-18 pts||-3 m/s||+18 pts|
|+2 m/s||-0 pts||-2 m/s||+12 pts|
|+1 m/s||-0 pts||-1 m/s||+6 pts|
|+0 m/s||-0 pts||-0 m/s||+0 pts|
2.2.2. Best Legal Jump (BLJ)
In Long Jump and Triple Jump, if the final result is wind-aided, then the best legal jump of the athlete (a performance with wind less than or equal to 2.0 m/s) can be considered as the Result Score, should it give better Result Score to the athlete after the wind modification applied to it.
2.3. PLACING SCORE
- Placing Score is awarded for the placing achieved by the athlete at a competition.
- Competitions are categorised, and the Placing Scores are different in each Category. There are 10 different categories for the purposes of Placing Scores. The Placing Scores obtainable at each competition vary according to the level and significance of the competition. The category “OW” reflects the strongest competitions and consequently awards the most points. For example, the Placing Scores available at the IAAF World Athletics Championships or at the Olympic Games are much higher than those at any other competition. See 2.4 - Categories of Competitions.
- Placing Scores can only be received in the Final of a competition. In the heats, quarter-finals or semi-finals and in qualifications, athletes obtain only Result Scores with no additional Placing Scores. However, in the “OW”, “DF”, “GW” and “GL” categories, Placing Scores are awarded for placings in the round before the Final as well.
- In certain cases, Placing Scores may also be different within an Event Group, depending on whether the discipline is a Main Event or a Similar Event.
- In Area Championships and National Championships Placing Scores can only be awarded to athletes representing their home Country or Area respectively. Athletes representing a foreign Member Federation or other Areas are regarded as out of competition participants (OC) and only receive Result Scores for their performances, regardless of their original position indicated in the official results of the competition.
- In case a competition belongs to more than one Category, the most favourable Placing Score is considered for each athlete based on the positions achieved in the different classifications.
2.3.1. Track & Field Event Groups (except 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC)
Placing Scores for the Track & Field Event Groups (except the 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC) are shown in the following tables.
Placing Scores are normally awarded only in the Final of the competition however, to give more depth in placings, in Categories OW, DF, GW and GL Categories there are Placing Scores awarded in the last round before the Final as well.
Table 2.2. Placing Scores for Track & Field Events in the Final of the competitions
Table 2.3. Placing Scores for Track and Field events in the round before the Final – if Final is of max. 9 athletes
|Q or q to Final||140||95||80||70|
|9th *||130 *||90 *||70 *||60 *|
* If not Q or q to Final
Table 2.4. Placing Scores for Track and Field events in the round before the Final– if Final is of 10 or more athletes
|Q or q to Final||100||65||50||40|
|11th *||95 *||55 *||40 *||35 *|
|12th *||90 *||50 *||35 *||30 *|
|13th *||85 *|
|14th *||80 *|
|15th *||75 *|
|16th *||70 *|
* If not Q or q to Final
2.3.2. 5000m and 3000mSC Event Group
Placing Scores for the events in the 5000m and 3000mSC Event Groups are slightly different from the other Track & Field events due to the fact that, in these Event Groups, there are only 3 performances required for Ranking.
Placing Scores are normally only awarded in the Final of the competition however, to give more depth in placings, in Categories OW, DF, GW and GL Categories, there are Placing Scores awarded in the last round before the Final, as well.
Table 2.5. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the Final of the competitions
Table 2.6. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the round before the Final in OW Category
|Q or q to Final||80|
|10-13th *||75 *|
|14th *||70 *|
|15th *||65 *|
|16th *||60 *|
* If not Q or q to Final
Table 2.7. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the round before the Final if Final is of max. 9 athletes
|Q or q to Final||80||60||70|
|9th *||70 *||55 *||60 *|
* If not Q or q to Final
Table 2.8. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the round before the Final if Final is of 10 or more athletes
|Q or q to Final||50||35||30|
|11th *||45 *||30 *||25 *|
|12th *||40 *||25 *||20 *|
* If not Q or q to Final
2.3.3. 10,000m Event Group
Placing Scores for the events in the 10,000m Event Group are slightly different from the other Track & Field events, due to the fact that in this Event Group there are only 2 performances required for Ranking.
To give more emphasis to the Main Event of this Group, there are different Placing Score tables for the 10,000m (Main Event), for the outdoor 5000m (Similar Event – to note that if the outdoor 5000m counts as a Main Event in the 5000m Event Group, then Placing Scores continue to be awarded according to Table 2.5. – 2.98.) and for the IAAF World Cross Country Championships (Similar Event) where, due to the substantial differences between courses, athletes are awarded straight Performance Scores.
Table 2.9. Placing Scores for 10,000m
Table 2.10. Placing Scores for outdoor 5000m when Similar Event
Table 2.11: Performance Scores for IAAF World Cross Country Championships (Senior and U20)
|Senior Race||U20 Race|
2.4. CATEGORIES OF COMPETITIONS
Placing Scores are distributed according to the categorisation of competitions, subject to the following:
- The IAAF has the exclusive right to determine to which Category a given competition should be assigned. Categorisation of Area Permit competitions (Championships, Games and invitation meetings) will be agreed with the corresponding Area Association. Specific national permit competitions (other than National Senior Championships) will be placed in category E as designated by the Member Federation in agreement with the IAAF. All other national permit competitions are placed in category F.
- During a calendar year, only one National Senior Championships per each Member Federation can award Placing Scores according to the Categorisation as shown below. In case a Member Federation organizes more than one National Championships, or an equivalent type of competition (e.g. trials), in any discipline within one calendar year, the first such competition is regarded as the National Championships unless the MF informs the IAAF otherwise, prior to the beginning of the season.
- Only those events of a competition are entitled to receive the Category as listed below – and thus the corresponding Placing Scores – which are held primarily for the purpose of the competition for which the corresponding Category was awarded. Extra or supplementary events, national or youth events during international invitational meetings, etc. are considered as Category F regardless of the Category of the main competition during which the event was held.
Table 2.12. Categories of Competitions
IAAF World Championships
|DF||IAAF Diamond League Finals|
|GW||IAAF World Indoor Championships
IAAF World Cross Country Championships
IAAF Continental Cup
IAAF Diamond League Meetings
|GL||IAAF Hammer Throw Challenge (IAAF Permit Meetings only)
Area Senior Outdoor Championships
|A||Major Games (All-African, Asian, Commonwealth, Pan American, European)
IAAF World Challenge Meetings
Non Diamond Disciplines of the IAAF Diamond League Meetings
IAAF World Indoor Tour Meetings
Area Senior Indoor Championships
|B||Regional Games Championships (Universiade, Francophone Games Ibero-American Championships, CAC Games, Balkan Championships)
Area Permit Meetings - top tier (senior only)
Area second tier Championships (European Team Championships Super League, European Combined Events Team Championships)
National Senior Championships (Outdoor T&F/CE, Marathon and 20km/50km Race Walking)
|C||IAAF World Athletics Series - U20 events (World U20, World Cross Country and World Race Walking Team Championships)
Area Permit Meetings - second tier (senior only)
Area third tier Championships (Area U23 Championships, European Team Championships 1st League, European Combined Events Team Championships 1st League, European Throwing Cup, European 10,000m Cup)
Regional Games and Championships (Arab Championships, Mediterranean Games, CISM World Games)
NCAA Div. I Outdoor Championships
|D||Other Regional International Championships, Games and Cups (First and senior division only)
Area Permit Meetings – Indoor and third tier (senior only)
Area fourth tier Championships (Area U20 Championships, Continental Club Championships [first division only], European Team Championships 2nd League)
Traditional International Meetings: - subject to application and Area approval (e.g.: Finnkampen, Baltic Countries Championships)
National Senior Championships (Indoor and in Similar Events)
Youth Olympic Games
|E||International Matches (Subject to IAAF / Area Permit)
Designated (national permit) meetings and competitions (Subject to MF/IAAF approval)
NCAA Div. I Indoor Championships
Area U18 Championships
European Youth Olympic Festival
|F||National permit meetings|
2.5 PERFORMANCE SCORE
The Performance Score is obtained by adding the Result Score to the Placing Score:
Performance Score = Result Score + Placing Score
2.6. EVENT GROUPS, MAIN EVENTS AND SIMILAR EVENTS
Track & Field Event Rankings are produced in 36 Event Groups. Performances in each of the 36 Event Groups count separately for the Event Rankings. Athletes can be ranked in all the different Event Groups where they achieve a sufficient number of performances.
Table 2.13. Track & Field Event Groups
|Nr.||Event Group||Main Event||Similar Events|
|1.||Men's 100m||100m||50m, 55m, 60m|
|2.||Men's 200m||200m||200m indoor|
|3.||Men's 400m||400m||300m, 300m indoor, 400m indoor, 500m, 500m indoor|
|4.||Men's 800m||800m||600m, 600m indoor, 800m indoor, 1000m, 1000m indoor|
|5.||Men's 1500m||1500m||1500m indoor, Mile, Mile indoor, 2000m, 2000m indoor|
|6.||Men's 5000m||5000m||3000m, 3000m indoor, 2 Miles, 2 Miles indoor, 5000m indoor|
|7.||Men's 10,000m||10,000m||5000m, Cross Country (WXC only)|
|8.||Men's 110mH||110mH||50mH, 55mH, 60mH|
|11.||Men's High Jump||High Jump||High Jump indoor|
|12.||Men's Pole Vault||Pole Vault||Pole Vault indoor|
|13.||Men's Long Jump||Long Jump||Long Jump indoor|
|14.||Men's Triple Jump||Triple Jump||Triple Jump indoor|
|15.||Men's Shot Put||Shot Put||Shot Put indoor|
|16.||Men's Discus Throw||Discus Throw||-|
|17.||Men's Hammer Throw||Hammer Throw||-|
|18.||Men's Javelin Throw||Javelin Throw||-|
|19.||Women's 100m||100m||50m, 55m, 60m|
|20.||Women's 200m||200m||200m indoor|
|21.||Women's 400m||400m||300m, 300m indoor, 400m indoor, 500m, 500m indoor|
|22.||Women's 800m||800m||600m, 600m indoor, 800m indoor, 1000m, 1000m indoor|
|23.||Women's 1500m||1500m||1500m indoor, Mile, Mile indoor, 2000m, 2000m indoor|
|24.||Women's 5000m||5000m||3000m, 3000m indoor, 2 Miles, 2 Miles indoor, 5000m indoor|
|25.||Women's 10,000m||10,000m||5000m, Cross Country (WCH only)|
|26.||Women's 100mH||100mH||50mH, 55mH, 60mH|
|29.||Women's High Jump||High Jump||High Jump indoor|
|30.||Women's Pole Vault||Pole Vault||Pole Vault indoor|
|31.||Women's Long Jump||Long Jump||Long Jump indoor|
|32.||Women's Triple Jump||Triple Jump||Triple Jump indoor|
|33.||Women's Shot Put||Shot Put||Shot Put indoor|
|34.||Women's Discus Throw||Discus Throw||-|
|35.||Women's Hammer Throw||Hammer Throw||-|
|36.||Women's Javelin Throw||Javelin Throw||-|
2.7. REQUIRED NUMBER OF PERFORMANCES
In order to be ranked, athletes must collect a sufficient number of Performance Scores and some of them must come from Main Events. These vary depending on the Event Group (reference is made to Table 2.13).
2.7.1. Minimum number of Performance Scores
- In all Event Groups, except Men’s and Women’s 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC (Nr.6,7,10 & Nr. 24,25,28), the minimum number of Performance Scores is five (5).
- In Men’s and Women’s 5000m and 3000mSC Event Groups (Nr.6,10 & Nr.24, 28) the minimum number of Performance Scores is three (3).
- In Men’s and Women’s 10,000m Event Groups (Nr.7 & Nr.25) the minimum number of Performance Scores is two (2).
2.7.2. Minimum number of Performance Scores in the Main Events
- In all Event Groups, except Men’s and Women’s 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC (Nr.6,7,10 & Nr.24,25,28), the minimum number of Performance Scores in the Main Events is three (3).
- In Men’s and Women’s 5000m and 3000mSC Event Groups (Nr.6,10 & Nr.24,28) the minimum number of Performance Scores in the Main Events is two (2).
- In Men’s and Women’s 10,000m Event Groups (Nr.7 & Nr.25) the minimum number of Performance Score in the Main Event is one (1).
2.8. RANKING PERIOD
2.8.1. Track & Field events except the 10,000m
Only those Performance Scores can be considered for ranking which were obtained by the athlete in the 12 months period prior to the date of the Ranking.
Only those Performance Scores can be considered for rankings which were obtained by the athlete in the 18 months period prior to the date of the Ranking.
2.8.3. Date correction
In order to put more emphasis on performances achieved closer to the date of the Rankings, there is a certain amount of points deducted from older Performance Scores. This only applies to events with a ranking period of 12 months. For performances older than 9 months at the date of the Rankings, the points deduction is as follows:
- 10th month prior to the date of the Rankings: -20 points deducted
- 11th month prior to the date of the Rankings: -40 points deducted
- 12th month prior to the date of the Rankings: -60 points deducted
To avoid overweighting, competitions in the OW and DF Categories will only be included once in any edition of the Rankings, regardless of the 12-months rule. E.g. performances from the 2018 IAAF Diamond League Finals in Zürich or Brussels (DF category competitions) will be removed from the Rankings before the 2019 IAAF Diamond League Finals, even if they were within the 12-months period.
2.8.2. Area Senior Outdoor Championships
In order to ensure that performances achieved at the Area Senior Outdoor Championships are calculated in the Rankings, the latest editions of the Area Senior Outdoor Championships are included in the Rankings calculation regardless of whether they fall in the Events’ respective Ranking Period.
2.9 WORLD RECORD BONUS
In case an athlete achieves a New World Record, or equals the World Record, bonus points are given as an extra reward for the obvious significance and promotional value of such performance. These World Record bonus points are added directly to the average of the Performance Scores to increase the Ranking Score of the athlete.
World Record bonus points are awarded for each world record performance achieved by the athlete in the ranking period, regardless of the fact that the performance is included in the Ranking calculation or not.
World Record bonus points are given as follows:
- Main Events
- New World Record = 20 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores
- Equalling the World Record = 10 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores
- Similar Events
- New World Record = 10 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores
- Equalling the World Record = 5 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores
2.10. RANKING SCORE
- The Rankings are based on the Ranking Scores. Athletes are ranked in the Event Rankings by their Ranking Scores.
- The Ranking Score is the average of Performance Scores.
- In order to be ranked, athletes must collect a sufficient number of Performance Scores and some of them must come from Main Events. Athletes who do not collect enough performances, cannot have a valid Ranking Score, and are thus ineligible for ranking. See details for each Event Group in the corresponding section.
- When calculating the Ranking Score the following factors are considered:
- Event Groups, Main Events and Similar Events
- Required number of performances for Ranking
- Ranking period and date corrections
- World Record performances