2. TRACK & FIELD EVENTS

2.1. RANKING METHOD

The ranking system is based on the two main elements of all Track & Field performances: the measured results of athletes (result score) and their placing during competitions (placing score).
The combination of these elements provides the athletes’ performance for each competition in which they participate (performance score).

PERFORMANCE SCORE = RESULT SCORE + PLACING SCORE

Athletes’ performances can be considered in all competitions from grass roots to elite international level. However, the results must be in accordance with the IAAF Rules and Regulations in force, and the IAAF or one of its Area Associations or Member Federations must have officially ratified the results.

2.2. RESULT SCORE

  1. The Result Scores are calculated using the latest editions of the IAAF Scoring Tables of Athletics (by Dr. Bojidar Spiriev) which can be found here.
  2. The environment of the competition will determine whether the outdoor or indoor scoring tables must be used.
  3. For disciplines not included in the latest editions of the IAAF Scoring Tables of Athletics, there are special Scoring Tables developed in full conformity with the IAAF versions.
  4. The World Rankings consider only performances which were achieved at a competition conducted according to the IAAF Rules.
  5. Performances achieved with underage implements (in hurdles and throwing events), are not considered for the Rankings.
  6. Intermediate splits during a competition are not considered as a result for the athlete and thus are not included in the World Rankings.
  7. The initial Result Score may be altered taking into consideration the following factors:
    • Wind reading
    • Best Legal Jump (BLJ)

2.2.1. Wind Reading

  1. In order to establish a valid ranking, wind-aided results are included in the ranking. However, as adverse winds also influence the results, the Rankings also take headwinds into account.
  2. The wind modification applies in the following events:
    • 100m
    • 200m
    • 100m Hurdles
    • 110mHurdles
    • Long Jump
    • Triple Jump
  3. A Wind Modification System has been defined (see Table 2.1) which modifies the Result Scores depending on both the strength and direction of the wind. In case of a headwind, it adds points to the Result Score while, in case of a tail wind, it deducts points from the Result Score. There is no wind modification between 0 m/s and +2.0 m/s, so in case of a tail wind, the deduction of points starts from +2.1 m/s, while the calculation of the points to be deducted still starts from 0.0 m/s. 1 m/s wind is equivalent to 6 points according to the IAAF Scoring Tables. For wind readings in between those identified in the following table, the allocation of points is ±0.6 points for every ±0.1 m/s (i.e. +0.5 m/s = -3 points). If there is no wind information for results in the above events (NWI), 30 points are deducted from the Result Score.

Table 2.1. Wind modification system for Track & Field Events (some examples)

Tail Wind Head Wind
+4 m/s -24 pts -4 m/s +24 pts
+3 m/s -18 pts -3 m/s +18 pts
+2 m/s -0 pts -2 m/s +12 pts
+1 m/s -0 pts -1 m/s +6 pts
+0 m/s -0 pts -0 m/s +0 pts

2.2.2. Best Legal Jump (BLJ)

In Long Jump and Triple Jump, if the final result is wind-aided, then the best legal jump of the athlete (a performance with wind less than or equal to 2.0 m/s) can be considered as the Result Score, should it give better Result Score to the athlete after the wind modification applied to it.

2.3. PLACING SCORE

  1. Placing Score is awarded for the placing achieved by the athlete at a competition.
  2. Competitions are categorised, and the Placing Scores are different in each Category. There are 10 different categories for the purposes of Placing Scores. The Placing Scores obtainable at each competition vary according to the level and significance of the competition. The category “OW” reflects the strongest competitions and consequently awards the most points. For example, the Placing Scores available at the IAAF World Athletics Championships or at the Olympic Games are much higher than those at any other competition. See 2.4 - Categories of Competitions.
  3. Placing Scores can only be received in the Final of a competition. In the heats, quarter-finals or semi-finals and in qualifications, athletes obtain only Result Scores with no additional Placing Scores. However, in the “OW”, “DF”, “GW” and “GL” categories, Placing Scores are awarded for placings in the round before the Final as well.
  4. In certain cases, Placing Scores may also be different within an Event Group, depending on whether the discipline is a Main Event or a Similar Event.
  5. In Area Championships and National Championships Placing Scores can only be awarded to athletes representing their home Country or Area respectively. Athletes representing a foreign Member Federation or other Areas are regarded as out of competition participants (OC) and only receive Result Scores for their performances, regardless of their original position indicated in the official results of the competition.
  6. In case a competition belongs to more than one Category, the most favourable Placing Score is considered for each athlete based on the positions achieved in the different classifications.

2.3.1. Track & Field Event Groups (except 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC)

Placing Scores for the Track & Field Event Groups (except the 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC) are shown in the following tables.

Placing Scores are normally awarded only in the Final of the competition however, to give more depth in placings, in Categories OW, DF, GW and GL Categories there are Placing Scores awarded in the last round before the Final as well.

Table 2.2. Placing Scores for Track & Field Events in the Final of the competitions

Place OW DF GW GL A B C D E F
1st 350 240 200 170 140 100 60 40 25 15
2nd 310 210 170 145 120 80 50 35 21 10
3rd 280 185 150 130 110 70 45 30 18 5
4th 250 170 140 120 100 60 40 25 15  
5th 230 155 130 110 90 55 35 22 12  
6th 215 145 120 100 80 50 30 19 10  
7th 200 135 110 90 70 45 27 17    
8th 185 125 100 80 60 40 25 15    
9th 130 90 70 60            
10th 120 80 60 50            
11th 110 70 50 45            
12th 100 60 45 40            
13th 95                  
14th 90                  
15th 85                  
16th 80                  

 

Table 2.3. Placing Scores for Track and Field events in the round before the Final – if Final is of max. 9 athletes

Place OW DF GW GL
Q or q to Final 140 95 80 70
9th * 130 * 90 * 70 * 60 *
10th 120 80 60 50
11th 110 70 50 45
12th 100 60 45 40
13th 85      
14th 80      
15th 75      
16th 70      

* If not Q or q to Final

 

Table 2.4. Placing Scores for Track and Field events in the round before the Final– if Final is of 10 or more athletes

Place OW DF GW GL
Q or q to Final 100 65 50 40
11th * 95 * 55 * 40 * 35 *
12th * 90 * 50 * 35 * 30 *
13th * 85 *      
14th * 80 *      
15th * 75 *      
16th * 70 *      

* If not Q or q to Final

 

2.3.2. 5000m and 3000mSC Event Group

Placing Scores for the events in the 5000m and 3000mSC Event Groups are slightly different from the other Track & Field events due to the fact that, in these Event Groups, there are only 3 performances required for Ranking.

Placing Scores are normally only awarded in the Final of the competition however, to give more depth in placings, in Categories OW, DF, GW and GL Categories, there are Placing Scores awarded in the last round before the Final, as well.

 

Table 2.5. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the Final of the competitions

Place OW DF GW GL A B C D E F
1st 290 210 180 150 100 70 50 35 20 12
2nd 260 185 160 135 90 60 40 27 16 7
3rd 230 160 140 120 80 50 35 22 12 4
4th 210 145 120 105 70 45 30 19 10  
5th 190 130 110 90 60 40 26 16 9  
6th 175 120 100 80 50 35 23 14 8  
7th 165 110 90 70 45 30 20 12    
8th 155 100 80 60 40 25 18 10    
9th 110 70 55 45            
10th 100 60 45 40            
11th 90 55 40 35            
12th 80 50 35 30            
13th 75                  
14th 70                  
15th 65                  
16th 60                  

 

Table 2.6. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the round before the Final in OW Category

Place OW
Q or q to Final 80
10-13th * 75 *
14th * 70 *
15th * 65 *
16th * 60 *

* If not Q or q to Final

 

Table 2.7. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the round before the Final if Final is of max. 9 athletes

Place DF GW GL
Q or q to Final 80 60 70
9th * 70 * 55 * 60 *
10th 60 45 50
11th 55 40 45
12th 50 35 40

* If not Q or q to Final

 

Table 2.8. Placing Scores for 5000m and 3000mSC in the round before the Final if Final is of 10 or more athletes

Place DF GW GL
Q or q to Final 50 35 30
11th * 45 * 30 * 25 *
12th * 40 * 25 * 20 *

* If not Q or q to Final

 

2.3.3. 10,000m Event Group

Placing Scores for the events in the 10,000m Event Group are slightly different from the other Track & Field events, due to the fact that in this Event Group there are only 2 performances required for Ranking.

To give more emphasis to the Main Event of this Group, there are different Placing Score tables for the 10,000m (Main Event), for the outdoor 5000m (Similar Event – to note that if the outdoor 5000m counts as a Main Event in the 5000m Event Group, then Placing Scores continue to be awarded according to Table 2.5. – 2.98.) and for the IAAF World Cross Country Championships (Similar Event) where, due to the substantial differences between courses, athletes are awarded straight Performance Scores.

 

Table 2.9. Placing Scores for 10,000m

Place OW DF GW GL A B C D E F
1st 270 175 140 110 80 60 45 30 20 10
2nd 240 150 120 90 70 50 38 22 14 6
3rd 215 135 105 75 60 45 32 18 10 3
4th 195 120 90 65 50 40 26 16 8  
5th 175 105 80 55 45 35 22 14 7  
6th 160 95 70 50 40 30 19 12 6  
7th 150 85 60 45 35 25 17 11    
8th 140 75 50 40 30 20 15 10    
9th 95 50 40 30            
10th 85 40 32 25            
11th 75 35 27 22            
12th 65 30 24 20            
13th 60                  
14th 55                  
15th 50                  
16th 40                  

 

Table 2.10. Placing Scores for outdoor 5000m when Similar Event

Place OW DF GW GL A B C D E F
1st 95 70 60 45 30 20 10      
2nd 85 60 50 38 22 14 6      
3rd 75 50 45 32 18 10 3      
4th 65 45 40 26 16 8        
5th 55 40 35 22 14 7        
6th 50 35 30 19 12 6        
7th 45 30 25 17 11          
8th 40 25 20 15 10          
9th 35                  
10th 30                  
11th 25                  
12th 20                  

 

Table 2.11: Performance Scores for IAAF World Cross Country Championships (Senior and U20)

Senior Race U20 Race
1st 1300 9th 1070 17th 1041 1st 1105
2nd 1280 10th 1066 18th 1038 2nd 1085
3rd 1260 11th 1062 19th 1035 3rd 1070
4th 1240 12th 1058 20th 1032 4th 1060
5th 1220 13th 1054 21st 1029 5th 1050
6th 1200 14th 1050 22nd 1026 6th 1040
7th 1180 15th 1047 23rd 1023 7th 1035
8th 1160 16th 1044 24th 1020 8th 1030

 

2.4. CATEGORIES OF COMPETITIONS

Placing Scores are distributed according to the categorisation of competitions, subject to the following:

  1. The IAAF has the exclusive right to determine to which Category a given competition should be assigned. Categorisation of Area Permit competitions (Championships, Games and invitation meetings) will be agreed with the corresponding Area Association. Specific national permit competitions (other than National Senior Championships) will be placed in category E as designated by the Member Federation in agreement with the IAAF. All other national permit competitions are placed in category F.
  2. During a calendar year, only one National Senior Championships per each Member Federation can award Placing Scores according to the Categorisation as shown below. In case a Member Federation organizes more than one National Championships, or an equivalent type of competition (e.g. trials), in any discipline within one calendar year, the first such competition is regarded as the National Championships unless the MF informs the IAAF otherwise, prior to the beginning of the season.
  3. Only those events of a competition are entitled to receive the Category as listed below – and thus the corresponding Placing Scores – which are held primarily for the purpose of the competition for which the corresponding Category was awarded. Extra or supplementary events, national or youth events during international invitational meetings, etc. are considered as Category F regardless of the Category of the main competition during which the event was held.

Table 2.12. Categories of Competitions

Category Details
OW Olympic Games
IAAF World Championships
DF IAAF Diamond League Finals
GW IAAF World Indoor Championships
IAAF World Cross Country Championships
IAAF Continental Cup
IAAF Diamond League Meetings
GL IAAF Hammer Throw Challenge (IAAF Permit Meetings only)
Area Senior Outdoor Championships
A Major Games (All-African, Asian, Commonwealth, Pan American, European)
IAAF World Challenge Meetings
Non Diamond Disciplines of the IAAF Diamond League Meetings
IAAF World Indoor Tour Meetings
Area Senior Indoor Championships
B Regional Games Championships (Universiade, Francophone Games Ibero-American Championships, CAC Games, Balkan Championships)
Area Permit Meetings - top tier (senior only)
Area second tier Championships (European Team Championships Super League, European Combined Events Team Championships)
National Senior Championships (Outdoor T&F/CE, Marathon and 20km/50km Race Walking)
C IAAF World Athletics Series - U20 events (World U20, World Cross Country and World Race Walking Team Championships)
Area Permit Meetings - second tier (senior only)
Area third tier Championships (Area U23 Championships, European Team Championships 1st League, European Combined Events Team Championships 1st League, European Throwing Cup, European 10,000m Cup)
Regional Games and Championships (Arab Championships, Mediterranean Games, CISM World Games)
NCAA Div. I Outdoor Championships
D Other Regional International Championships, Games and Cups (First and senior division only)
Area Permit Meetings – Indoor and third tier (senior only)
Area fourth tier Championships (Area U20 Championships, Continental Club Championships [first division only], European Team Championships 2nd League)
Traditional International Meetings: - subject to application and Area approval (e.g.: Finnkampen, Baltic Countries Championships)
National Senior Championships (Indoor and in Similar Events)
Youth Olympic Games
E International Matches (Subject to IAAF / Area Permit)
Designated (national permit) meetings and competitions (Subject to MF/IAAF approval)
NCAA Div. I Indoor Championships
Area U18 Championships
European Youth Olympic Festival
F National permit meetings

 

2.5 PERFORMANCE SCORE

The Performance Score is obtained by adding the Result Score to the Placing Score:

Performance Score = Result Score + Placing Score

2.6. EVENT GROUPS, MAIN EVENTS AND SIMILAR EVENTS

Track & Field Event Rankings are produced in 36 Event Groups. Performances in each of the 36 Event Groups count separately for the Event Rankings. Athletes can be ranked in all the different Event Groups where they achieve a sufficient number of performances.

 

Table 2.13. Track & Field Event Groups

Nr. Event Group Main Event Similar Events
1. Men's 100m 100m 50m, 55m, 60m
2. Men's 200m 200m 200m indoor
3. Men's 400m 400m 300m, 300m indoor, 400m indoor, 500m, 500m indoor
4. Men's 800m 800m 600m, 600m indoor, 800m indoor, 1000m, 1000m indoor
5. Men's 1500m 1500m 1500m indoor, Mile, Mile indoor, 2000m, 2000m indoor
6. Men's 5000m 5000m 3000m, 3000m indoor, 2 Miles, 2 Miles indoor, 5000m indoor
7. Men's 10,000m 10,000m 5000m, Cross Country (WXC only)
8. Men's 110mH 110mH 50mH, 55mH, 60mH
9. Men's 400mH 400mH -
10. Men's 3000mSC 3000mSC 2000mSC
11. Men's High Jump High Jump High Jump indoor
12. Men's Pole Vault Pole Vault Pole Vault indoor
13. Men's Long Jump Long Jump Long Jump indoor
14. Men's Triple Jump Triple Jump Triple Jump indoor
15. Men's Shot Put Shot Put Shot Put indoor
16. Men's Discus Throw Discus Throw -
17. Men's Hammer Throw Hammer Throw -
18. Men's Javelin Throw Javelin Throw -
19. Women's 100m 100m 50m, 55m, 60m
20. Women's 200m 200m 200m indoor
21. Women's 400m 400m 300m, 300m indoor, 400m indoor, 500m, 500m indoor
22. Women's 800m 800m 600m, 600m indoor, 800m indoor, 1000m, 1000m indoor
23. Women's 1500m 1500m 1500m indoor, Mile, Mile indoor, 2000m, 2000m indoor
24. Women's 5000m 5000m 3000m, 3000m indoor, 2 Miles, 2 Miles indoor, 5000m indoor
25. Women's 10,000m 10,000m 5000m, Cross Country (WCH only)
26. Women's 100mH 100mH 50mH, 55mH, 60mH
27. Women's 400mH 400mH -
28. Women's 3000mSC 3000mSC 2000mSC
29. Women's High Jump High Jump High Jump indoor
30. Women's Pole Vault Pole Vault Pole Vault indoor
31. Women's Long Jump Long Jump Long Jump indoor
32. Women's Triple Jump Triple Jump Triple Jump indoor
33. Women's Shot Put Shot Put Shot Put indoor
34. Women's Discus Throw Discus Throw -
35. Women's Hammer Throw Hammer Throw -
36. Women's Javelin Throw Javelin Throw -

 

2.7. REQUIRED NUMBER OF PERFORMANCES

In order to be ranked, athletes must collect a sufficient number of Performance Scores and some of them must come from Main Events. These vary depending on the Event Group (reference is made to Table 2.13).

2.7.1. Minimum number of Performance Scores

  • In all Event Groups, except Men’s and Women’s 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC (Nr.6,7,10 & Nr. 24,25,28), the minimum number of Performance Scores is five (5).
  • In Men’s and Women’s 5000m and 3000mSC Event Groups (Nr.6,10 & Nr.24, 28) the minimum number of Performance Scores is three (3).
  • In Men’s and Women’s 10,000m Event Groups (Nr.7 & Nr.25) the minimum number of Performance Scores is two (2).

2.7.2. Minimum number of Performance Scores in the Main Events

  • In all Event Groups, except Men’s and Women’s 5000m, 10,000m and 3000mSC (Nr.6,7,10 & Nr.24,25,28), the minimum number of Performance Scores in the Main Events is three (3).
  • In Men’s and Women’s 5000m and 3000mSC Event Groups (Nr.6,10 & Nr.24,28) the minimum number of Performance Scores in the Main Events is two (2).
  • In Men’s and Women’s 10,000m Event Groups (Nr.7 & Nr.25) the minimum number of Performance Score in the Main Event is one (1).

2.8. RANKING PERIOD

2.8.1. Track & Field events except the 10,000m

Only those Performance Scores can be considered for ranking which were obtained by the athlete in the 12 months period prior to the date of the Ranking.

2.8.2. 10,000m

Only those Performance Scores can be considered for rankings which were obtained by the athlete in the 18 months period prior to the date of the Ranking.

2.8.3. Date correction

In order to put more emphasis on performances achieved closer to the date of the Rankings, there is a certain amount of points deducted from older Performance Scores. This only applies to events with a ranking period of 12 months. For performances older than 9 months at the date of the Rankings, the points deduction is as follows:

  • 10th month prior to the date of the Rankings: -20 points deducted
  • 11th month prior to the date of the Rankings: -40 points deducted
  • 12th month prior to the date of the Rankings: -60 points deducted

2.8.4. Overweighting

To avoid overweighting, competitions in the OW and DF Categories will only be included once in any edition of the Rankings, regardless of the 12-months rule. E.g. performances from the 2018 IAAF Diamond League Finals in Zürich or Brussels (DF category competitions) will be removed from the Rankings before the 2019 IAAF Diamond League Finals, even if they were within the 12-months period.

2.8.2. Area Senior Outdoor Championships

In order to ensure that performances achieved at the Area Senior Outdoor Championships are calculated in the Rankings, the latest editions of the Area Senior Outdoor Championships are included in the Rankings calculation regardless of whether they fall in the Events’ respective Ranking Period.

2.9 WORLD RECORD BONUS

In case an athlete achieves a New World Record, or equals the World Record, bonus points are given as an extra reward for the obvious significance and promotional value of such performance. These World Record bonus points are added directly to the average of the Performance Scores to increase the Ranking Score of the athlete.

World Record bonus points are awarded for each world record performance achieved by the athlete in the ranking period, regardless of the fact that the performance is included in the Ranking calculation or not.

World Record bonus points are given as follows:

  1. Main Events
    • New World Record = 20 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores
    • Equalling the World Record = 10 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores
  2. Similar Events
    • New World Record = 10 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores
    • Equalling the World Record = 5 bonus points added to the average of Performance Scores

2.10. RANKING SCORE

  1. The Rankings are based on the Ranking Scores. Athletes are ranked in the Event Rankings by their Ranking Scores.
  2. The Ranking Score is the average of Performance Scores.
  3. In order to be ranked, athletes must collect a sufficient number of Performance Scores and some of them must come from Main Events. Athletes who do not collect enough performances, cannot have a valid Ranking Score, and are thus ineligible for ranking. See details for each Event Group in the corresponding section.
  4. When calculating the Ranking Score the following factors are considered:
    • Event Groups, Main Events and Similar Events
    • Required number of performances for Ranking
    • Ranking period and date corrections
    • World Record performances